Jan 15, 2020
What Really Causes Instability in the Middle East?
This event was a discussion about the Middle East and the core causes of instability in the region.
About the Event
For decades, US foreign policy in the Middle East has been on autopilot: Seek Arab-Israeli peace, fight terrorism, and urge regimes to respect human rights. Every US administration puts its own spin on these initiatives, but none has successfully resolved the region’s fundamental problems.
In Seven Pillars: What Really Causes Instability in the Middle East?, a bipartisan group of leading experts representing several academic and policy disciplines unravels the core causes of instability in the Middle East and North Africa. Why have some countries been immune to the Arab Spring? Which governments enjoy the most legitimacy and why? With more than half the region under 30 years of age, why do education and innovation lag? How do resource economies, crony capitalism, and inequality drive conflict? Are ethnic and sectarian fault lines the key factor, or are these more products of political and economic instability? And what are the wellsprings of extremism that threaten not only the United States but, more profoundly, the people of the region?
The answers to these questions should help policymakers and students of the region understand the Middle East on its own terms, rather than just through a partisan or diplomatic lens. Understanding the pillars of instability in the region can allow the United States and its allies to rethink their own priorities, adjust policy, recalibrate their programs, and finally begin to chip away at core challenges facing the Middle East.
About the Authors
- Michael Rubin, Resident Scholar, American Enterprise Institute and co-author of Seven Pillars: What Really Causes Instability in the Middle East?
- Brian Katulis, Senior Fellow, Center for American Progress and co-author of Seven Pillars: What Really Causes Instability in the Middle East?