2020 Jr. Model UN Committee Topics
In preparation for the 2020 Jr. Model United Nations Final Conference, student participants will work in small groups assigned to represent both a country delegation and one of two committee topics. Each student will be responsible for researching and writing a short position paper from the perspective of his/her assigned country delegation as well as drafting a final resolution recommending solutions to key issues within his/her assigned committee. Delegates participating in the Council's 2019 Student Diplomat /Jr. Model United Nations Program will focus on one of the two following committee topics: (1) Combatting Climate Change and (2) Aiding Refugees and Displaced People.
Combatting Climate Change
Regarded by many, as one of the most existential threats facing the world today, climate change is among the most complex international challenges of our time. A growing body of evidence indicates that the Earth’s climate is changing rapidly in ways that will dramatically impact the world’s human, animal, and ecological ecosystems. Increasing global temperatures have been linked to severe droughts, rising sea levels, and increased instances and of severe natural disasters. These effects threaten millions of people around the world, depleting water resources, displacing millions of climate refugees and impacting global agriculture.
Regardless of the cause, scientists agree that international action to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions may be the only way to slow climate change. In December 2015, members of the United Nations met in Paris, France for the most recent global effort to address climate change. An international agreement was established, with the Foreign Minister of France describing the agreement as an “ambitious and balanced plan” and a “historic turning point” in the goal to slow climate change.
In this committee, delegates will come together to build upon the work accomplished in Paris and will further develop a unified and enforceable international standard to mitigate the effects of climate change. Delegates will also identify effective plans to help developing nations without significant resources, adapt to the changing global climate.
Aiding Refugees and Displaced People
International crises, including economic downturns, wars, and the ongoing climate crisis have devastating effects for millions of the world’s most vulnerable people. Often, due to the lack of safety, food, or access to reliable work, people are uprooted from their homes and their communities and are forced to move to new countries, regions or even around the world. These movements often disrupt families, separating children, siblings and parents.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has stated that the world is currently witnessing the highest number of displaced people on record. This includes over 41 million internally displaced people, 26 million refugees and 3.5 million asylum seekers. The United Nations is highly concerned by these figures and is committed to aiding refugees and displaced persons throughout the world. The UN seeks to provide safety, security and life’s basic needs to those who are displaced, in addition to solving the root issues causing such significant displacement.
In this committee, delegates will research the root issues that displace millions of people, and build solutions to the ongoing crisis of refugees and displaced peoples. Delegates will craft specific policies, agreeable to all participating nations, which account for the health, security and well-being of displaced people.